Friday, 27 February 2015

Week 4 Day 3 - One point perspective revisited - Let's draw a kitchen!

Today we are going to draw a kitchen. Not necessarily the pic below. But, if you observe the pic below, you notice that the eye level is somewhat a wee bit above the center of the pic and the vanishing point is a bit towards the left of the center of the pic. Depending on where you stand and where you look, the vanishing point will seem different and accordingly the percentage of object that you can see will vary.
We are going to draw ourselves an imaginary kitchen, using one point perspective. Today, is going to be a bit lengthy but just follow the steps and you should be fine!

Draw two rectangles, one inside the other. Next, I am going to begin with a cupboard on the left, so we will first draw a rectangle!
Next, draw diagonals from the corner of the rectangles to the center of the inner rectangle. This will be your vanishing point.
Draw a vertical line up from where the bottom diagonal touches the inner rectangle.
Now draw a horizontal from the top of the vertical line, touching the diagonal to its left.
You just created one cabinet in the kitchen! We are going to add a cupboard to the top! Again, begin with a rectangle.
Do the diagonals, just like you did for the cabinet.
Now we need to draw the width of the cupboard, so draw a vertical line to indicate how wide you want your cupboard to be and then add a horizontal line to indicate the base of the cupboard.
Next, we will be adding a fridge to the right side corner. So, we need another rectangle, however, this has to be tall, unless you want a tiny fridge. Vary the rectangle accordingly.

Connect the diagonals to the VP.

Indicate with a diagonal, the right wall of the kitchen. Connect a line from the bottom right of inner rectangle with bottom right of outer rectangle. 
The distance marked as x is what we will take the width of the tiles to be. (If you want a smaller tile, you can draw a separate diagonal). Along the back wall, we divide it equally to mark 'x'. Then draw diagonals from the VP through the tiles which you just marked, reaching the outer rectangle. Next draw a parallel line to the bottom of the inner rectangle. This will be your first set of tiles!
Draw a diagonal, from the bottom left of the inner rectangle, through the midpoint, reaching the right corner of the floor.
I will explain why we do this procedure, in detail, tomorrow. 
Draw a horizontal line from the intersection of the diagonal with the bottom of the right wall. Repeat the above two steps until you finish drawing all the horizontal tile lines. 

Denote the ceiling line, by drawing another diagonal from the top right of the inner rectangle to the top right of the outer rectangle. 
I have erased all the guiding lines (and a bit of the fridge oops!). Now you can see clearly what you have drawn so far.

If you want to add details on the door of the cupboard, fridge, add a window to the back wall or a painting, go ahead. We will deal with detailing later when we start drawing objects without guidelines. With practice, you don't need to mark the VP or the horizon line or the diagonals. Visually, you will be able to judge how much a line tapers or doesn't taper.

As mentioned earlier, I will explain why we used the midpoint to draw the tiles in detail tomorrow. Until then, happy sketching!

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