## Friday, 27 February 2015

### Week 4 Day 3 - One point perspective revisited - Let's draw a kitchen!

Today we are going to draw a kitchen. Not necessarily the pic below. But, if you observe the pic below, you notice that the eye level is somewhat a wee bit above the center of the pic and the vanishing point is a bit towards the left of the center of the pic. Depending on where you stand and where you look, the vanishing point will seem different and accordingly the percentage of object that you can see will vary.
 Courtesy: dtonline.org
We are going to draw ourselves an imaginary kitchen, using one point perspective. Today, is going to be a bit lengthy but just follow the steps and you should be fine!

 Draw two rectangles, one inside the other. Next, I am going to begin with a cupboard on the left, so we will first draw a rectangle!
 Next, draw diagonals from the corner of the rectangles to the center of the inner rectangle. This will be your vanishing point.
 Draw a vertical line up from where the bottom diagonal touches the inner rectangle.
 Now draw a horizontal from the top of the vertical line, touching the diagonal to its left.
 You just created one cabinet in the kitchen! We are going to add a cupboard to the top! Again, begin with a rectangle.
 Do the diagonals, just like you did for the cabinet.
 Now we need to draw the width of the cupboard, so draw a vertical line to indicate how wide you want your cupboard to be and then add a horizontal line to indicate the base of the cupboard.
Next, we will be adding a fridge to the right side corner. So, we need another rectangle, however, this has to be tall, unless you want a tiny fridge. Vary the rectangle accordingly.

 Connect the diagonals to the VP.

 Indicate with a diagonal, the right wall of the kitchen. Connect a line from the bottom right of inner rectangle with bottom right of outer rectangle.
 The distance marked as x is what we will take the width of the tiles to be. (If you want a smaller tile, you can draw a separate diagonal). Along the back wall, we divide it equally to mark 'x'. Then draw diagonals from the VP through the tiles which you just marked, reaching the outer rectangle. Next draw a parallel line to the bottom of the inner rectangle. This will be your first set of tiles!
 Draw a diagonal, from the bottom left of the inner rectangle, through the midpoint, reaching the right corner of the floor.I will explain why we do this procedure, in detail, tomorrow.
 Draw a horizontal line from the intersection of the diagonal with the bottom of the right wall. Repeat the above two steps until you finish drawing all the horizontal tile lines.

 Denote the ceiling line, by drawing another diagonal from the top right of the inner rectangle to the top right of the outer rectangle.
 I have erased all the guiding lines (and a bit of the fridge oops!). Now you can see clearly what you have drawn so far.

If you want to add details on the door of the cupboard, fridge, add a window to the back wall or a painting, go ahead. We will deal with detailing later when we start drawing objects without guidelines. With practice, you don't need to mark the VP or the horizon line or the diagonals. Visually, you will be able to judge how much a line tapers or doesn't taper.

As mentioned earlier, I will explain why we used the midpoint to draw the tiles in detail tomorrow. Until then, happy sketching!

## Thursday, 26 February 2015

### Week 4 - Day 2 - Perspective continued

Now that you know what the eye level, vanishing point, horizon line are, let us move on to the next step of trying to draw with two vanishing points, ie 2-point perspective.

What you will be capable of, at the end of the blog, is to create any 3D object in space such as the pic below.

Now instead of adding one vanishing point (VP), add two of them. One on the left and one on the right, VP1 and VP2.

Next, draw a Vertical line, which is perpendicular to the bottom of the paper.
Perpendicular : at an angle of 90° to a given line, plane, or surface or to the ground. In this case, perpendicular to the bottom of your paper.

Next what you need to do is, connect the top and bottom of the vertical lines to the Vanishing points.

In the triangles that you get on either sides of the Vertical line, I want you to draw two more vertical lines, one on the left and one on the right, touching the sides of the triangle.

Now, you will connect the top of the new lines with the VP which is furthest from it. So, VP1 will connect to the top of the line on the right and VP2 will connect to the top of the line on the left.

Do you notice the box that you have created?? Isn't it perfect in perspective? Now, we can further work on the box, to create whatever object we desire by adding more and more vertical lines, connecting to the VPs!

Let me erase all the diagonals and give some colour to the table, so you can see clearly.

Tomorrow we will get into a more complex drawing, using 1 point perspective. If you have forgotten about it, no worries! Just read up on the previous blog and refresh your memory. You will enjoy what you will be sketching tomorrow!

Until next time, keep scribbling!

## Wednesday, 25 February 2015

### Week 4 - Day 1 - Perspective

Today, you will learn to sketch boxes in perspective. Here is a sneak peek into what you will be able to do by the end of this blog!

 The voice in your head is back, isn't it? Don't worry, we will go step by step so you can learn how to do the above!

As a kid, you would have asked your parents, 'Why are things so tiny when they go away from us???'

 Courtesy BBC
So, the further an object is, a tinier image is reflected on your Retina! Therefore, when you sketch and you place one big object next to a tinier object, it tends to create perspective, depending on what other indicative element you draw.

Perspective : the art of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, width, depth, and position in relation to each other.

For today, we will learn about 1-point perspective, where we will learn how to draw the cube!
You will be learning new words, so read and try to understand the definition.

Eye Level/ Horizon Line: the level of the eyes looking straight ahead.

 The horizontal line is your eye level. Anything above this line is above the eye level and anything below becomes below the eye level. Isn't it easy so far??? :D ;)

Now, we are going to not look at the eye anymore, as your eye becomes that eye. Look straight ahead at your Horizon Line, imagine it is running from left to right. The floor is below your eye level and the ceiling fan is above your eye level (provided your are sitting upright and not lying down!)

On a piece of paper, draw a horizontal straight line going from left to right and mark it as EL/HL (to indicate eye level/horizon line).

 You should be having something which looks like this on the paper!
Next, add squares, rectangles (vertical or horizontal), around 5 or 6 on the line, above and below the line! Randomly! If you have OCD, you will have a littttttle bit of difficulty in being random, but that's okay! You will still be able to learn the concept.

 Your shapes need not be colored. Outlines will do.
 Add a dot, called the Vanishing point. This will be the point where all objects disappear off to on the horizon! Horizon: the line at which the earth's surface and the sky appear to meet.
Next, we will draw lines from the nearest edges of the rectangles to the vanishing point!

 I hope you did not have any difficulty in this step! I have left some corners of the rectangles as the lines end up going behind the rectangle or overlaps on the rectangle.
 Now draw horizontal and vertical lines. For eg. on the pink rectangle, draw a horizontal line touch the two diagonals which go towards the vanishing point. Once you draw the horizontal line #1, draw a vertical line from the point where line #1 touches the diagonal. This will be line #2. Similarly draw horizontal and vertical lines at random places touching two diagonals as in the image above.
 You drew boxes in space! How cool is that?? Wait, let me remove the guiding lines so you can see the magic that you have created!
 Don't they look like colourful floating cupboards on the wall? I have left the horizon line so you know where the boxes are above and below the eye level. Notice how the lines taper.
Once you are done with this exercise, I want you all to look at objects around you. Shoe rack, cupboard, bed, mattress, tv stand, cabinets, dining table, chair, sofa, basically everything around you. Look at these objects. Observe where your eye level is, notice how much of an object you see depending on if it is above or below the eye level. Look at buildings, else google images of building and just observe the shapes.

Today, we learnt to sketch with one vanishing point. Tomorrow we are going to learn about drawing with 2 vanishing points. It is called 2-point perspective! Be thorough in what we learnt today, so tomorrow will be a cake walk :)

Happy sketching!

PS If you want a more intensive lesson on perspective, check out the workshop in Chennai.

## Wednesday, 18 February 2015

### Week 3 - Learn about colours

Now I am not going to assume that all of you are aware what primary colours are, what colour you get when you mix two colours, etc. If you already know this, then great!

You have three primary colours, red, yellow and blue. They are called primary colours as you cannot get these colours by mixing other colours.

 When you mix two primary colours, you get secondary colours.

As the diagram suggests, secondary colours are obtained by mixing two primaries. So, red and yellow is orange, blue and yellow is green, red and blue makes violet.

Varying the amount of red or yellow will give you different shades of orange, same goes for the rest of the colours.

The blues and greens are general referred to as cool colours. When painted they seem to recede and just fade away into the background, totally serene. However, the reds and yellows, the warm colours, seem to jump out at you. Perpetually in your face!

Colours affect your mood and also reflect your mood. Hospitals are never painted red. The last thing a doc wants is for his patient to wake up from a coma and head straight into a heart attack! (pure exaggeration... bear with me ;) ) Reflect on last week, what did you wear on which day and how were you feeling that morning. It is naturally for someone feeling totally energised to favour red, that said, if you are feeling really low, red would be a good colour to feel alive!

Let's get to know the colours one-on one now! If you have colour pencil or paint, go ahead and play with them. Keep changing the ratio of the primary colours to see how the resulting colour changes. If its colour pencil, just layer on colour over the other and see how the two layers interact with each other to show you some other colour!

This week you will be experimenting with different mediums. Obviously, of your choice. If it is paint, then I want you to observe how viscous it is (or how thick it is or thin). I personally, prefer to use Acrylics as it is water based and dries very fast. Caution note: Wash your brushes and palette immediately after you are done painting, else you have to throw your brushes away. They will harden and peeling the paint off is not advisable.

Watercolour is good to experiment with. You can add a lot of water and let the colours run across the paper and allow two colours to run into each other and dry to create a lovely effect. Verbally, you can say a lot of things but until you pick up a brush, you will not know what I'm talking about.

If you want to attempt to paint an object, go ahead! If not, just get to know your paint. You can buy a round brush or a flat brush of your choice or both! Try various strokes, change the pressure with which you touch the paper with the brush and see what difference occurs.

We will get into the individual mediums in depth later! :) for now enjoy!

## Tuesday, 17 February 2015

### Fine Art America - prints available online

A lot has happened this past week! I have loaded my paintings, sketches, scribbles online at fineartamerica.com.

Depending on where you are, access the following domains accordingly:

USA : fineartamerica.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
International : fineartinternational.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
Europe : finearteurope.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
England: fineartengland.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
North America : fineartnorthamerica.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
Germany : fineartgermany.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html
The parent website : pixels.com/profiles/seemab-zaheera.html

Depending on where you are ordering from, there are at times additional options. For eg, in the US site, you can order Prints, greeting cards, throw pillows, duvets, iphone Case. However, on pixels.com you also get the option for a Galaxy case.

I will be updating the list of images online every week as per its popularity. Five images will be replaced each week.

You can customise the sizes and also drag the image to see which best fits the product of your choice. With regards to phone cases, you have the option to flip the phone horizontal/vertical. Play around with the options and see which best suits your liking and add to your shopping cart! It is as simple as that.

Please note, I have only submitted my designs to the site. The production is being handled by Fine Art America. If there are any discrepancies in your order, please contact the site. If you have any requests for another colour option or subject matter, you can email me via the website, comment on my blog or message me on my facebook page :)

www.seemabzaheera.com

## Thursday, 12 February 2015

### Week 2 - Your first still life!

 You  need not sketch this image. You can set up your own still life at home. Just use any solid coloured cloth as background, drape it on a chair. Place a bowl (if you want to place one) and some fruits.
Loosen up your arm and look at your still-life with eyes half closed. Roughly draw the outlines without applying much pressure on your paper/support. (We are going to start learning new words as days go by)

Support : The actual material or surface on which a painting is created, most usually paper, canvas, or a wooden panel.

We have not dealt with colours yet. If you would like to experiment with different mediums, you can do so.

Medium : Medium is what is used to draw. For simple sketches it would be pencil. If you like sculpting it would be clay. if you like painting it would be paint. So, a 2B pencil, a pen, colour pencils, oil pastels, dry pastels, tempera, oil paint, acrylic paint, water colour are various mediums you can use.

So, as I was saying, we will deal with the various mediums slowly, later on. Today, you decide which medium you choose to use.

With your outline in place, start shading. Imagine your are shading on the object and think how your pencil/pen will move over it, will it be flat and straight or will it curve? Take your time. I am giving you a week's time to complete the sketch from scratch. We will analyse the final work next week.

 Here I have done a very light outline, just blocking out the square format and placing the fruit bowl with quick strokes. You can correct the lines as you move forward.
 Next I have softly marked out the drapery lines. As mentioned before, if you are off by an inch or by a couple of centimeters, it doesn't matter, we will correct it later.
 While sketching the fruits, I lost my focus for a bit and just went on to sketch what my mind saw and not what my eyes saw. Note the bunch of grapes which are far from the bowl. The actual still life shows that it is closer to the bowl.Since I have sketched it light, we can go over it and rework it. Am not using any eraser.
 Notice how I have re-sketched over the 'misplaced' grapes. Then I proceed to blocking out the major areas of dark and light. With the basic drawing done, you can take your time to work on the detailed shading.

For those in Chennai, I buy my art supplies from Hindustan Trading Company. For further details, please view http://www.htconline.co.in/. This is not the only art shop in Chennai. I am sure there are many more, however, since this is very close to where I live, I bought from here.

For those in Mumbai, I normally order online from http://www.himalayafineart.com or there is an art shop called Mango Stationery Pvt Ltd, Shop No. 4/5, Pradhan Building, Naupada West, Gokhale Road,Naupada West, Thane WestMumbai - 400602.

If you have information of art stores which sell a variety of products in your area, please feel free to comment below. It will help!

## Wednesday, 4 February 2015

### Day 7 - An Art workshop in Bahrain

 Art workshop to be held in March. Registrations are open!
I will be travelling to Manama, Bahrain in March and intend to conduct a workshop to help you with basic sketching and painting, in person! It will be for ladies and kids over 10 years old. (It might get a wee bit difficult if you are younger, so please understand.) The duration of the workshop is for five days, each day being 2 hours.

That being said, if you are unable to cope up with the pace and need the workshop to spill over to the next day for your work to complete, that is fine J !

I will be available from March 8th for a month. At the moment, am looking at two batches per day, one being the morning batch of 10am to 12pm and the afternoon/evening batch of 3pm to 5pm.

You do not need to know how to sketch to be able to attend the workshop. The structure of the workshop has been made taking into account that all of you are sketching for the first time.

You will learn how to use a basic pencil, how to observe perspective, how to use the colour pencil as well as acrylic paint. You will be taught to sketch basic shapes moving onto more complex landscape and still life. You will be sketching from live objects as well as from pictures, which will help you transition better.

The materials you will need are as follows:
A4 sheets – approximately 15 – 20 sheets
4 canvas sheets or you could buy a canvas pad which has multiple sheets
·        1 canvas
·        2b pencil
·        any pen (Ball point/gel)
·        Colour pencil 12/24 colours
·        Acrylic paint box 12 colours (20ml)
·        1 water container (Any old plastic container will do)
·         Flat brush set
·        1 palette (any white flat surface will be fine, eg. styrofoam plate is fine and most convenient)
·          rag cloth

*For further details, such as canvas size, venue or any other doubt, please call Anees Zaheera on 38317415 or visit my website

Anees Zaheera conducts regular art and craft classes at Manama, for enrolling yourself or your child, please call her on the above number.

My next lesson to you will be in a week's time. From now on I will be posting weekly, to provide you sufficient time to finish your exercise. Take Care!

## Tuesday, 3 February 2015

### Hatching

Hatching is a series of straight or curved lines, drawn beside one another to give variations in light and dark. Depending on the shading effects you want, you can make the individual lines in hatching sets far apart or close together.
 While sketching this portrait, I have predominantly used the hatching technique.

### Crosshatching

Crosshatching is basically sketching with criss-cross lines. One set of hatching lines will overlap another set.
 Remember the first sketch of dried leaf which I shared with you? This is a close up of the back of the leaf. Note the cross hatching used to shade.

Stippling
Stippling is the creation of light and dark by using varying amounts of dots instead of lines.
 Stippling exercise done in college
Scumbling/Random Mark
This is basically what you did on day one. Remember you had randomly scribbled away. Going over your scribbling makes areas darker.
 The underside of the leaf has been sketched using the scumbling technique, the shadow of the leaf on the floor has been done using the hatching technique. Try playing around with the different kinds of shading. Over time, you will lean towards one or more of the techniques.  More on next! Ciao!